Dinosaurs are excellent at hiding. They're difficult enough to find while tromping around the world's fossil exposures, sometimes little more than a pile of crumbled bone shards alerting you to their presence. Even collected and hauled back to museums, they can be elusive. Consider, for example, Rativates evadens - a new dinosaurs that went under an alias for 80 years.

Paleontologist Brad McFeeters and colleagues tell the tale in their new paper describing the 76 million year old ostrich mimic. Back in 1934 the famous fossil collector Levi Sternberg excavated the partial skeleton of one of these bird-like dinosaurs from the area of what is now Alberta's Dinosaur Provincial Park. There was part of the skull, the hips, a leg and part of another, as well as some tail vertebrae, but not much else. The skeleton was labeled as Struthiomimus altus - a species described in 1917 - and so the new partial skeleton sat in the Royal Ontario Museum collections for the next eight decades under that name. 

Once McFeeters and coauthors had a look, though, they saw that Sternberg's fossil was something new. Details of the skull, tail, hip, and foot differ significantly from Struthiomimus, which lived in the same area around the same time. And while this first Rativates was not full-grown when it died, it was close enough to adulthood that McFeeters and colleagues conclude that this dinosaur was only about half the size of its similar neighbor. There may have been two ostrich mimics of different sizes trodding around the same habitats, and this raises the question of whether there may be more as-yet-unidentified ostrich mimics to be found in other levels of the super-productive Dinosaur Provincial Park badlands.

The known elements of Rativates. Credit: McFeeters et al. 2016

Fossil Facts

Name: Rativates evadens

Meaning: Rativates translates to "ratite foreteller", referring to the existence of this ostrich-like dinosaur long before the distantly ostriches and emus evolved, while evadens has a double meaning - the dinosaur's speedy, evasive look as well as the fact that it took 80 years to realize that the dinosaur is new to science.

Age: Cretaceous, about 76 million years old.

Where in the world?: Dinosaur Provincial Park, Canada.

What sort of critter?: An ornithomimid - or "bird mimic" - dinosaur.

Size: About 11 feet long.

How much of the creature’s body is known?: Elements of the skull, a complete left leg, a partial right leg, the hips, and tail vertebrae.


McFeeters, B., Ryan, M., Schröder-Adams, C., Cullen, T. 2016. A new ornithomimid theropod from the Dinosaur Park Formation of Alberta, Canada. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. doi: 10.1080/02724634.2016.1221415

Previous Paleo Profiles:

The Light-Footed Lizard
The Maoming Cat
Knight’s Egyptian Bat
The La Luna Snake
The Rio do Rasto Tooth
Bob Weir's Otter
Egypt's Canine Beast
The Vastan Mine Tapir
Pangu's Wing
The Dawn Megamouth
The Genga Lizard
The Micro Lion
The Mystery Titanosaur
The Echo Hunter
The Lo Hueco Titan
The Three-Branched Cicada
The Monster of Minden
The Pig-Footed Bandicoot
Hayden's Rattlesnake Demon