For many fossil fans, Ghost Ranch is synonymous with Coelophysis. Hundreds of skeletons of this Triassic dinosaur were found there in the 20th century, along with a few of its ancient neighbors, yet there's far more to this swath of New Mexico desert than the sleek little theropod. There's another major bonebed at Ghost Ranch that has yielded a whole menagerie of Triassic creatures, including a gnarly carnivore that has just been given a formal name.

When the sediments of the Hayden Quarry - named for its discoverer John Hayden - were being laid down, dinosaurs were not the baddest carnivores around. That distinction belonged to the rauisuchids - ancient relatives of crocodiles with severing smiles and that ran around with their legs held straight beneath their bodies. Now, thanks to a smattering of skull elements and other pieces found in the Hayden quarry, paleontology student Emily Lessner and coauthors have recognized that the species found there is one never seen before. They've named it Vivaron haydeni.

Up until now, all other rauisuchid bones found in the American southwest were attributed to an animal Postosuchus, Lessner and coauthors write. Vivaron demonstrates that there are other unrecognized species out there. Some may have already been found and lumped in with Postosuchus. This isn't just a matter of taxonomic reshuffling. Rauisuchids lived in different habitats across Pangea during 16 million years of the Triassic, often the largest and most menacing carnivores of their time. If we're going to envision what the Dawn of the Dinosaurs was like, we can't do so without a clearer view of the rauisuchids that stalked the ancient forests.

A jaw bone from Vivaron. From Lessner et al. 2016

Fossil Facts

Name: Vivaron haydeni

Meaning: Vivaron is a reference to a giant, mythical rattlesnake said to slither around Orphan Mesa in the vicinity of the quarry, while haydeni honors locality discoverer John Hayden.

Age: Triassic, 212 million years old.

Where in the world?: Ghost Ranch, New Mexico

What sort of critter?: A distant cousin of crocodiles called a rauisuchid.

Size: Estimated at 12 to 18 feet long.

How much of the creature’s body is known?: Elements of the jaws, skull, and hips.


Lessner, E., Stocker, M., Smith, N., Turner, A., Irmis, R., Nesbitt, S. 2016. A new rauisuchid (Archosauria, Pseudosuchia) from the Upper Triassic (Norian) of New Mexico increases diversity and temporal range of the clade. PeerJ. doi: 10.7717/peerj.2336

Previous Paleo Profiles:

The Light-Footed Lizard
The Maoming Cat
Knight’s Egyptian Bat
The La Luna Snake
The Rio do Rasto Tooth
Bob Weir's Otter
Egypt's Canine Beast
The Vastan Mine Tapir
Pangu's Wing
The Dawn Megamouth
The Genga Lizard
The Micro Lion
The Mystery Titanosaur
The Echo Hunter
The Lo Hueco Titan
The Three-Branched Cicada
The Monster of Minden
The Pig-Footed Bandicoot