The behaviour of long-extinct animals remains an area of major public and scientific interest the great perennial problem being that were always massively constrained, if not crippled, by a frustrating lack of data.
If, as I have, you've spent copious time wandering the British countryside, visiting amusement parks and visitor attractions that feature life-sized `prehistoric animals', you'll surely have seen all those Phorusrhacos* models.
It needs to be better appreciated that the vast majority of modern ecosystems and communities are broken or, at least, very much incomplete compared to the situation present within very recent geological history: they lack an often significant number of key component species including some, many or all of the so-called keystone species.
Hornbills are among the most charismatic, fascinating and awesome of birds, yet surprisingly little is known about them, dedicated studies are few, and they are incredibly elusive and hard to study.
Today I want to talk more about passerines, and I know that this will make you happy. In particular: TITS!! Tits of several species are ubiquitous here in Europe.
As blasphemous and offensive as it seems to say it, birds are pretty samey. Generally speaking, they're small flying things with long forelimbs, proportionally large heads with big, globular braincases, and grasping feet where an enlarged first toe (the hallux) opposes the remaining three.