Harald zur Hausen, a German scientist who linked human papilloma virus (HPV) to cervical cancer, shares this year's Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with French researchers Francoise Barre-Sinoussi and Luc Montagnier, who discovered HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

zur Hausen's work paved the way for Merck's vaccine Gardasil.

Notably, but perhaps unsurprisingly, the Nobels did not recognize Robert Gallo for his role in the discovery of HIV.

For more on the prizes, read the official Nobel Foundation announcement here and check back for our ongoing coverage, including today's 60-Second Science podcast.