The tsunami of Indonesia 2004 and Japan 2011 showed that they are a common element associated with earthquakes. Modern databases list more than 2.000 tsunami events worldwide in the last 4.000 years, most of them recorded in historic documents, chronicles and even myths - and yet tsunami deposits in the geological record seem to be relatively rare.In theory a tsunami can trigger a variety of erosion and depositional processes, like uprush and backwash currents, turbidity currents, debris flows and landslides, therefore also the formed sediments can vary from fine-grained sediments to large boulders.- When the tsunami hits the coast it will first erode older sediments...
Movies that deal with the Armageddon caused by the impact of a meteorite on earth have the great advantage that they can almost completely define the scenario - until now almost no references exist how such an event would occur in reality.Large impacts were relatively rare in historic times; the most famous (and still controversial) is the Tunguska event in 1908...
One of the most astounding scientific discoveries of the 20th century was initiated by a simple phone call, early in the morning of December 22, 1938.
" High up in the North in the land called Svithjöd, there stands a rock. It is hundred miles high and a hundred miles wide. Once every thousands years a little bird comes to this rock to sharpen its beak...
Tat: "Does the earth seem to you unmoving, father?" Hermes: "No, my son. It is the only thing full of movement, and at the same time stationary. Would it not be absurd for the nourisher of all things, the producer of and begetter of all, to be motionless?..." " Corpus Hermeticum " 100-300 A.D.According to Aristotelian philosophy earth was eternal, a world without history and with no end...
" History of Geology " will be dedicated until the end of the world year to two topics - the evolution of paleoart and - appropriately - the supposed age and end of the earth.
The music-video " Mutual Core " (2011) by Björk , starring hot tectonic forces and sensual strata, is by far not the only examples of how geology and paleontology could inspire musicians and songwriters...
Strange stories of strange birds and even stranger fossils were coming from the end of the world during the 19th century.The first Europeans spotted New Zealand in 1769 and Captain Cook explored the Northern Island four years later...
" It is not good that these stories are forgotten. Friends, you are telling them from mouth to ear, and when your old men die they will be forgotten.
“ to understand plants and animals there is no better way than to depict them from life “ Ulisse Aldrovandi (1522-1605)Maybe the first depiction of bones of an extinct animal can be attributed to an unknown Greek artist living some 2.600 years ago...
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