The discovery of a one-month-old tuatara, a rare reptile descended from lizard-like dinosaurs, has conservationists in New Zealand celebrating.
Thanks to its status as the world's most isolated island chain, Hawaii boasts hundreds of species that don't exist anywhere else on Earth. But because of that isolation, and the threat caused by invasive species, Hawaii is also the endangered species capital of the world, with "more endangered species per square mile on these islands than any other place on the planet," according to the web site of Honolulu's Bishop Museum.State and federal officials are hoping to change that with a new program -- the first of its kind -- that will pay Hawaii farmers over the next 20 years to plant native species on unused portions of their land.
Individually, the quagga mussel (Dreissena rostriformis bugensis) doesn't look like much. Barely the size of a human thumbnail, with a non-descript shell, most people probably wouldn't give a quagga mussel a second glance if they saw one in a lake or river.
Moapa dace ( Moapa coriacea ) live in just a few warm springs in Nevada. For more than 40 years, this tiny fish have been protected under the Endangered Species Act.
One of the world's largest crocodilian species is also its rarest. With just a few hundred individuals left, the critically endangered gharial ( Gavialis gangeticus) faces an uncertain future in its remaining river habitats in India and Nepal.
Why are all the good blue ducks gay?
That's what Cherry, the last remaining lass of her kind in England, may be asking herself after two male prospects that might have helped her perpetuate the species fell for one another instead of for her.
It's a condition as mysterious as it is deadly: white-nose syndrome (WNS), a bizarre fungal infection that has killed half a million bats in the U.S.
Cat species don’t get much rarer than the Balkan lynx ( lynx lynx martinoi ). At most, 100 members of this critically endangered subspecies of the Eurasian lynx ( lynx lynx ) remain in the wilds of Macedonia and Albania, according to extensive surveys organized* by the Coordinated Research Projects for the Conservation and Management of Carnivores (KORA), based in Switzerland.
The number of African elephants ( Loxodonta africana and Loxodonta cyclotis ) poached in Kenya's Tsavo National Park more than doubled last year, from 48 in 2007 to 98 in 2008, according to the Kenya Wildlife Service -- numbers the likes of which have not been seen since the poaching crisis of the 1980s garnered the international support that made a 1989 ban possible.
What would happen if disease, global warming or invasive insects wiped out a nation's crops (as seems to be happening in Liberia right now)? Would vital crop species go extinct?
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