By Dylan Giordano

The Republic of Palau is host to one of the highest levels of marine and terrestrial biodiversity in all of Micronesia. As increased tourism, economic development, population growth, and climate-related factors have threatened the nation’s biodiversity, the Palauan government has taken a variety of measures to protect its natural resources. For example, Palau has committed to protect and conserve more than 30% of its near-shore marine resources over the next 10 years (Micronesia, 2012).

Recently, the Palauan government established the Protected Areas Network (PAN) Act with the participation of local stakeholders and external groups such as the Nature Conservancy. Passed in November 2003, the PAN Act provided a framework to create and implement a network of marine and terrestrial protected areas. These sites not only conserve critical species habitat, but other valuable resources, which are essential for sustaining the cultural, economic, and environmental health of Palau (Hinchley, 2007).

Unlike many other Pacific Island nations, Palau’s natural environment has remained relatively intact, leaving a wide range of options for the design of protected areas. For example, under the PAN Act, target ecosystems such as coral reefs, marine lakes, coastal mangroves, forest areas, and animal nesting sites were selected with specific long-term conservation goals outlined.

For each target ecosystem, scientists and stakeholders review the proposed conservation measures to determine the feasibility and potential outcome of implementing protection. It is interesting to note that larger, aggregate areas tend to meet more conservation goals than more scattered sites. Thus, it is important to consider a size criterion for each target ecosystem evaluated.

As a participant in the USC 2012 Maymester in Guam and Palau, my classmates and I have been conducting coral reef surveys on Ngederrak Reef, one of a handful of marine protected areas in the Rock Islands-Southern Lagoon. Managed by the Koror State Government, the Rock Islands are zoned for conservation and recreational, subsistence, and restricted commercial use (Palau Conservation Society, 2005).

A series of Koror State regulations have delineated general resource use by implementing fishing licenses, visitor permits, and permitted and restricted activities in the area. Both Koror State and the National Government have established several protected areas of integral importance for biodiversity and cultural heritage and devised zoning laws varying from no-fishing or any form of marine life disturbance to no-take and no entry zones.

The Rock Islands Protected Areas’ continued success is contingent on careful and consistent management and enforcement of laws and regulations that serve to protect their ecological integrity. Both the State of Koror and the National government will need to continue to evaluate socio-economic, cultural and resource management needs along with the overall capacity to protect these areas for the long-term. Despite these challenges, the Republic of Palau’s PAN is an ambitious project that could serve as a great example of environmental stewardship to many countries across the world.

About the Author:

Dylan Giordano is a junior at USC completing a B.A. in Environmental Studies and beginning his bachelor’s degree in Policy, Planning and Development with an emphasis in sustainability planning. He wants to pursue a career with environmental consulting or sustainable development and hopefully continue more field experiences like that of the Problems Without Passports to Guam and Palau.

Works Cited:

Ellechel, Conrad. "OFFICE OF THE PALAU AUTOMATED LAND AND RESOURCE INFORMATION SYSTEM." Biodiversity and the Environment in Palau. 3 Feb. 2010. Web.

Hinchley, David, and Geoff Lipsett-Moore. Biodiversity Planning for Palau’s Protected Areas Network: An Ecoregional Assessment. Rep. Nature Conservancy, May 2007. Print. Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/07.

"Micronesia. The Places We Protect: The Republic of Palau." The Nature Conservancy. Web. May 2012.

"Rock Islands - South Lagoon Preservation Areas." Palau Conservation Society. Mar. 2005. Web.

Editor’s note: Scientific Research Diving at USC Dornsife is offered as part of an experiential summer program offered to undergraduate students of the USC Dana and David Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences. This course takes place on location at the USC Wrigley Marine Science Center on Catalina Island and throughout Micronesia. Students investigate important environmental issues such as ecologically sustainable development, fisheries management, protected-area planning and assessment, and human health issues. During the course of the program, the student team will dive and collect data to support conservation and management strategies to protect the fragile coral reefs of Guam and Palau in Micronesia.

Instructors for the course include Jim Haw, Director of the Environmental Studies Program in USC Dornsife, Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies David Ginsburg,, SCUBA instructor and volunteer in the USC Scientific Diving Program Tom Carr and USC Dive Safety Officer Gerry Smith of the USC Wrigley Institute for Environmental Studies

Previously in this series:

Catching Up with Scientific Diving at USC Dornsife: Surfgrass Monitoring at Catalina

Catching up with Scientific Diving at USC Dornsife: The Robot Submarine

Catching up with Scientific Diving at USC Dornsife: Diving into the Aquarium of the Pacific

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Moving Forward to Guam and Palau 2012

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Finding My Career Through This Course

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: The Devaluation of Ecosystem Services

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Why USC Dornsife was the Right Decision For Me

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Why Experiential Learning is Vital to Academic Life

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: My Walden South of Los Angeles

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Crown-of-Thorns Outbreaks and Anthropogenic Pollution

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: The International Policy Rationale for the Military Buildup on Guam and Some Environmental Drivers

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Marine Ecology from Antarctica to Micronesia

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Palau Water Supply

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: The Contributions of J. S. Haldane to Dive Safety

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Human Impacts on Mangrove Forests

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Global Sea Cucumber Fisheries

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Palauan Mermaids

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: The California Spiny Lobster

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: The Invasion of the Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: The Coconut Crab in Guam

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: The Ordot Dump and Layon Landfill

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Marine Ecosystem Based Management

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: The Navy Dive Tables

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Entangled in the Excitement of Every New Day

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Economic Effects of the Revised Military Buildup in Guam

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: The Guam and Calayan Rails

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Chamorro Women and the Spanish

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Diving into Apra Harbor’s Western Shoals and CB Junkyard

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Remaking What We’ve Lost – A Look At Artificial Reefs

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Ecosystem Monitoring in the Ngederrak Marine Conservation Area

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Micronesia Regional Shark Sanctuary

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Palau, Above the Waterline

USC Dornsife Scientific Diving: Jellyfish Lake