Most scientific illustration strives for realism, skeuomorphic textures of pencil and digital paint to resemble delicate insect wings, contours of a mammalian face or the movement in fluid on the cellular level. When I first saw the scientific illustrations by Claudia Stocker, I thought yes - here is scientifically literate artwork that also understands the aesthetic of contemporary graphic design.
Stocker has an impressive portfolio of illustration credits (including the Royal Society), and with her impressive linework and deceptively simple aesthetic...well wow. You want contemporary, cutting edge scientific illustration? It's right here.
(I know, I'm such a sciart fanboy sometimes.)