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Will Germany really phase out nuclear by 2021?

The views expressed are those of the author and are not necessarily those of Scientific American.


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Germany’s electricity mix is rapidly changing, with renewables on the way in and nuclear (potentially) heading out. But, given nationwide concerns regarding energy affordability and fairness, the future remains unclear.

Today, approximtley 15% of Germany’s electricity comes from nuclear power. But, under the country’s national energy transition plan (Energiewende), nuclear power will be phased out by 2021. At the same time, the nation is aggressively pushing to reach its goal of supplying 80% of its electricity needs with renewables by 2050.

In support of this goal, measures including the Renewable Energy Sources Act have provided a feed-in-tariffs and other forms of financial support for renewable electricity resources. Last year, the government approved new measures to support the use of energy storage for distributed solar PV systems. In 2003, renewables represented approximately 8% of Germany’s electricity mix. A decade later, this number has risen to just over 23% and is expected to continue along this positive trajectory moving forward.

With the aggressive addition of subsidized renewables comes concerns, in particular when combined with a plan to phase out nuclear power. This situation was recently analyzed in an article by Professor Raimund Bleischwitz*, where he identified two of the primary challenges facing the German government:

“The newly appointed [German] Minister, SPD Chairman Sigmar Gabriel, has moved the topic away from the Ministry for the Environment and merged it within his portfolio of Economy and Energy. In doing so, he faces at least two tough challenges:

External competition: Energy prices have risen for industry and private households in Germany and the EU, while the new supply of unconventional fuels in Northern America has led to more favorable energy prices in the US. Therefore, it is no wonder that energy-intensive industries are speculating about relocation. Green industry also causes concerns: German solar cell producers (along with others) face stiff international competition, and significant scrutiny that has been exacerbated by a recent financial scandal within Prokon, a giant German wind farm planning firm.

Internal burden sharing: The previous government was generous in relieving industry from paying its share, with some 1,900 companies being declared ‘energy intensive’ and therefore exempt from the “Energieumlage“, a surcharge paid by German electricity consumers for clean energy production. The publication of details related to these exemptions created a public outcry during the election campaign in late summer 2013. At the same time, the European Commission has started a complaint against Germany under the suspicion of unbalanced state aid.”

Late last month, the German government responded to the European Commission’s concerns – by filing its own lawsuit. It is unclear how this situation will be resolved. But, it is clear that Germany is facing a challenging road ahead in its energy transition.

Photo credit: Photo of nuclear power plant at Grafenrheinfeld in Germany by Christian Horvat, via Wikimedia Commons.

*Melissa C. Lott and Raimund Bleischwitz are both members of the University College London’s Institute for Sustainable Resources.

Melissa C. Lott About the Author: An engineer and researcher who works at the intersection of energy, environment, technology, and policy. Follow on Twitter @mclott.

The views expressed are those of the author and are not necessarily those of Scientific American.





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  1. 1. tuned 10:55 am 03/16/2014

    All good news if it means less pollution and less corruption.

    Link to this
  2. 2. billbedford 12:32 pm 03/16/2014

    Germany’s phasing out of nuclear power has meant that they have not been able to reduce the amount of fossil fuels that have been used to produce electricity. Indeed last year more lignite was burned that in any year since 1900.

    Link to this
  3. 3. GuestPosting 1:06 pm 03/16/2014

    Germany is hugely successful with their energy transition.

    37% of Germany’s energy is now produced by Wind and Solar Energy, and the number is growing every day.

    Indeed, at its peak, solar energy produced the energy-equivalent of 20 nuclear power plants.

    This success with Renewable Energy proves how obsolete and unnecessary nuclear energy is.

    And it is absolutely untrue that Germany is relying on more coal for their energy.

    Link to this
  4. 4. GuestPosting 1:09 pm 03/16/2014

    Renewable Energy CAN power the world.

    Google that title and read the amazing research done on the topic by universities, energy firms, etc., who all agree that Renewable Energy can power the world.

    You can also download and read:
    “CARBON-FREE AND NUCLEAR-FREE: A ROADMAP FOR U.S. ENERGY POLICY” by Arjun Makhijani, Ph.D

    Link to this
  5. 5. sethdiyal 2:16 pm 03/16/2014

    Note that Germany in its stupidity has become dependent on Putin who now dictates policy to them. Don’t like what Putin is doin’ in the Ukraine – shut the front door – or Vlad the impaler will turn off the gas.

    Merkel can kowtow (most likely) or she can fire up the nukes and idle coal plants, tell Vlad to reverse his gas flow to where the sun don’t shine. Reduced GHG’s and save a bunch – a win for Germany.

    ” At the same time, the nation is aggressively pushing to reach its goal of supplying 80% of its electricity needs with renewables by 2050.”

    Yup France went from zero to 80% nuke in 10 years 30 years ago. Germany proposes to do the same in 40 years. If the world follows Germany’s advice 200 million will die from air pollution, over the cleanest clean energy solution nuke power.

    In fact if the $trillion worldwide 100% subsidized by the taxpayer so utterly wasted on wind/solar had been spent on nukes, the world would now be coal free, with 30 million souls saved from horrible air pollution deaths and the AGW crisis moved back by decades.

    Renewable zealots are of course the very worst sort of Warming Deniers, rejecting utterly the peer reviewed science published in reputable journal telling us that we have only a few years before hitting a warming precipice killing billions, while espousing the Big Oil junk science spewed by the Jerry’s telling us we can afford to wait 40 years for a renewable solution.

    German politicians of course are well paid by Big Oil to push this “renewable” nonsense as all wind/solar plant must be backed up at 100% nameplate with inefficient fossil fuels plant run inefficiently burning more fuel and spewing more GHG’s than if the wind/solar was skipped entirely and efficient fossil plant was used instead. For the 3rd year in a row German GHG’s have risen by large percentages in methane leaks are included.

    OPG’s tariff plan for current builds has wind at 14 cents a kwh. The 15% rates of return promised solar developers with subsidies and the current $4.5/watt installed cost of utility grade solar give unsubbed costs of over 50 cents a kwh. To these numbers we have to add 30 cents a kwh for grid integration costs like 7 times sized transmission plant, surplus dumping, and fossil backup.

    Google “EE-Levelling_the_playing_field_of_grid_cost”

    Once Chinese dumping ends, the costs of these dangerous distractions in the AGW battle will rise rapidly, hopefully soon enough.

    To contradict Big Oil’s propaganda spew, we have SCANA’s real numbers, sworn under oath and penalty of perjury real numbers for a real first of a kind nuke build by an extremely inefficient American private utility now under way in S Carolina at twice the cost of similar units in China and high wage Korea

    “Why Nuclear?” If you look at the chart at the top right of the slide below, SCANA provided their all-in cost estimates for nuclear ($76/MWh), natural gas ($81/MWh), coal ($117/MWh), offshore wind ($292/MWh) and solar ($437/MWh). For them, “new nuclear continues to be the low cost alternativ”

    Goggle “SCANA2011AnalystDayPresentation.pdf”

    Built by an efficient public utility like TVA or OPG with its much lower cost of money that $76 drops to $40 4 cents a kwh. Keep in mind gas is now double the cost used in that original study.

    While Asia – China in particular has recognized the need for full steam ahead nukes at half the cost of continuing to run existing coal plants, it will be a while before Big Oil’s corrupt Western politicians can be shamed into observing their oath of office after ensuring our transformation to client states of the Chinese.

    Link to this
  6. 6. singing flea 5:47 pm 03/16/2014

    If any country can lead the world to clean renewable energy its Germany. I lived in Germany for a few months and can say with confidence that Germans are the worlds masters at engineering and efficient use of technology. They are forward thinking people with a plan and a work ethic that will win this debate.
    Nuclear energy is a bust. We still don’t know what to do with the mountain of waste we have stockpiled in America alone. God only knows what France or China is doing with theirs. The Japanese are just pain in denial about the massive problem Fukushima has become. The Japanese are so utterly ridiculous in their wasteful use of technology and energy they will not survive in the end. Their future is poised already for one nuclear disaster after another because they simply don’t understand the pitfalls of nuclear waste and the vulnerability Japan has for volcanic, tsunamis and earthquake disasters.
    There really is no excuse for shortsighted thinking in view of the terrible consequences this planet will face when the nuclear waste calling card comes knocking on the door. I fear it will just be a matter of a few years before the fingers in the dam at Fukushima prove to be a false hope and that massive amount of highly radioactive water ends up in the Pacific Ocean. It will tear into the hearts of the Japanese as bad the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki when their favorite dish, seafood, becomes as polluted as the rest of Fukushima.
    I don’t give a hoot what the fools who are advocating more use of nuclear power think. They won’t be around for next 30,000 years to tend to the mess we have already left for our children and the countless generations beyond them. Great civilizations have come and gone throughout history and ours will disappear faster than the best of them. China has survived 5,000 years of civilized society but this dynasty may well be their last as they choke the life out of the very earth they depend on to feed their billions because of the nuclear and industrial waste they ignore like so many Americans want to do now too.
    One argument that will never wash with me is the thousands of lives that will be saved if we eliminate all fossil fuels. Considering the scourge of overpopulation on the planet, I fail to see how that would be a good thing.

    Link to this
  7. 7. Fanandala 6:16 pm 03/16/2014

    @guestposting.
    Where did you get 37% from? I checked a very long and detailed study of the Fraunhofer institute (for 2013). They say wind contributed 47.2TWh or 8.4 %, PV 29.7 TWh or 5.3%, Hydro(running river) produced 15.4TWh. And nuclear 92.3TWh. So nuclear provided as much electricity to the grid as the major renewables. Coal produced 255.4 TWh and gas 39.4 TWh. They never mentioned Biomass, but dumping your rubbish and other countries forests into the sky is nothing to be proud of I feel. I would think that you are as far as ever from green and renewable. In the meantime you will ruin your industries with your high electricity tariffs. But I suppose that is better than starting a self destructive war every so often.

    Link to this
  8. 8. CaptD 7:32 pm 03/16/2014

    The Nuclear Industry has latched onto carbon taxes as yet another way to try and encourage the use of their own nuclear power plants, although their media blitz conveniently avoid mentioning anything about waste storage, decommissioning and/or the mining of Uranium that provides their fuel. This “sales trick” allows them to push for Society to use less Coal and Natural Gas, which are now big competitors, since they cost less than Nuclear.

    

Their game plan has not changed, it is to get paid as THE baseload provider, which will guarantee their profitability no matter how much Solar is installed in the future, since they will get paid to keep the Grid “stabilized”. This sounds so logical, especially to all those that have no knowledge of how the electrical supply
system works but in reality it is just another “sales pitch” since there are other ways to power the Grid. Germany is well on their way to “shift” from using nuclear to renewables and as we all know, you have to start doing things differently before you can make a change.



    This is especially true in the UK, because the Queen of England controls most of the Uranium mined in the World, so what is good for the Queen is “good” for the entire nuclear Industry and as we all know, it pays to have powerful friends in Gov’t. Yes, we are living in the 21 Century but all the UK ratepayers are now being treated as just “surfs” that must accept expensive energy because it is good for the Crown and their Wealthy ruling class, since they believe that controlling Energy costs used to be and still is a very effective way to control Society.

    The same is true in Japan, for as we have seen, even though the majority of its citizens do not want to risk yet another Trillion Dollar Eco-Disaster like Fukushima by restarting their nuclear power plants, their Leaders who are in sync/supported by their powerful Utility “Gangs” know what is best for them (pun intended).

    

In the past, everyone had little to no options except to pay for electrical Energy but that has now changed because those same ratepayers can install their own Solar (of all flavors) and thus break the bonds of their Energy slavery to their Utility Companies. Once the installed Solar has paid for itself in Energy savings, these ratepayers become equals to the Privileged Rich, since their Energy costs are no longer a financial concern.




    This is the underlining threat that Solar (of all flavors) is to all those that have traditionally profited from the sale of Energy. This same group is now not only dragging their influential feet but they are also calling in all owed favors from their Political friends in order to maintain the status quo before Solar (of all flavors) gets out of hand. Said another way, they want to insure that the profits keep flowing into their hand so spending some of their profits now on donations to these decision makers is now seen as just part of doing business, which to them, is far better than being squeezed out of business, as ever more of their customers become Energy generators themselves.

    Also posted http://cleantechnica.com/2014/03/14/nuclear-plant-builders-uk-want-higher-carbon-tax/#comment-1284890128

    Link to this
  9. 9. CaptD 7:35 pm 03/16/2014

    The Nuclear Industry has latched onto carbon taxes as yet another way to try and encourage the use of their own nuclear power plants, although their media blitz conveniently avoid mentioning anything about waste storage, decommissioning and/or the mining of Uranium that provides their fuel. This “sales trick” allows them to push for Society to use less Coal and Natural Gas, which are now big competitors, since they cost less than Nuclear.


    Their game plan has not changed, it is to get paid as THE baseload provider, which will guarantee their profitability no matter how much Solar is installed in the future, since they will get paid to keep the Grid “stabilized”. This sounds so logical, especially to all those that have no knowledge of how the electrical supply
system works but in reality it is just another “sales pitch” since there are other ways to power the Grid. Germany is well on their way to “shift” from using nuclear to renewables and as we all know, you have to start doing things differently before you can make a change.


    This is especially true in the UK, because the Queen of England controls most of the Uranium mined in the World, so what is good for the Queen is “good” for the entire nuclear Industry and as we all know, it pays to have powerful friends in Gov’t. Yes, we are living in the 21 Century but all the UK ratepayers are now being treated as just “surfs” that must accept expensive energy because it is good for the Crown and their Wealthy ruling class, since they believe that controlling Energy costs used to be and still is a very effective way to control Society.
    The same is true in Japan, for as we have seen, even though the majority of its citizens do not want to risk yet another Trillion Dollar Eco-Disaster like Fukushima by restarting their nuclear power plants, their Leaders who are in sync/supported by their powerful Utility “Gangs” know what is best for them (pun intended).
    

In the past, everyone had little to no options except to pay for electrical Energy but that has now changed because those same ratepayers can install their own Solar (of all flavors) and thus break the bonds of their Energy slavery to their Utility Companies. Once the installed Solar has paid for itself in Energy savings, these ratepayers become equals to the Privileged Rich, since their Energy costs are no longer a financial concern.


    This is the underlining threat that Solar (of all flavors) is to all those that have traditionally profited from the sale of Energy. This same group is now not only dragging their influential feet but they are also calling in all owed favors from their Political friends in order to maintain the status quo before Solar (of all flavors) gets out of hand. Said another way, they want to insure that the profits keep flowing into their hand so spending some of their profits now on donations to these decision makers is now seen as just part of doing business, which to them, is far better than being squeezed out of business, as ever more of their customers become Energy generators themselves.

    Also posted: http://cleantechnica.com/2014/03/14/nuclear-plant-builders-uk-want-higher-carbon-tax/#comment-1284890128

    Link to this
  10. 10. CaptD 7:50 pm 03/16/2014

    I’d like to SALUTE all those in Germany that have stood up and challenged their Nuclear Industry! You are showing the rest of the “industrial” world what thinking people can do when they put what is best for their Countries future and it’s people, ahead of allowing some Industries to make yet more money!

    You are being doublily smart because as you make your own country safer from the treat of a local Fukushima-type Trillion Dollar Eco-Disaster, you are also encouraging all those with nuclear power plants “upwind” from you, to do the same; which might prevent them from having a Fukushima-type nuclear accident that would also cause harm to Germany (and everybody else on the Planet)!

    Because Fukushima proved that Nature can destroy any land based nuclear reactor, any place anytime 24/7 all those that maintain that nuclear power generation can be Risk-Free, Clean and/or Green are out of touch with modern reality!

    Link to this
  11. 11. sethdiyal 10:21 pm 03/16/2014

    Large numbers of errors here. Seems the Greenie Warming Deniers are out in full force dispatched from Big Oil’s Denier HQ with a full load of horsepucky.

    Per the world’s foremost climate scientist, James Hansen it is up to science based commentators to apply severe corrective discipline to these types.

    Google “Renewable Energy, Nuclear Power and Galileo: Do Scientists Have a Duty to Expose Popular Misconceptions?”

    @ GuestPosting

    “the amazing research done on the topic by universities, energy firms, etc., who all agree that Renewable Energy can power the world.”

    Yup can be done at about a buck and half a kwh using storage and biofuels to back up the wind solar. Cost for an average US homeowner would be about $80K per annum 2 orders of magnitude higher than nukes with the massively environmentally destructive use of biofuels. Maybe our guest can afford this, most can’t.

    @singing flea

    ” Germans … are forward thinking people with a plan and a work ethic that will win this debate.”

    So far not so good with massive GHG emissions amongst the worst in Europe that need to be doubled to account for massive methane emissions so far they have kept off the books. Their GHG emissions have risen 3 years in a row and
    their electricity cost is the second highest in Europe. THey are murdering tens of thousands of Euro citizens annually with air pollution.

    Their last big effort as a thinking people murder over 20 million Europeans. How smart was that?

    The world’s football field of nuke waste is perfectly stored out of the environment awaiting reuse in Gen IV nukes. Meanwhile all that tiny amount of nuke waste could easily join all the high level weapons waste already at WIPPS. Soon landfills will be filling with tens of cubic miles of discarded solar panels leaching their deadly toxic forever chemical waste into water tables everywhere.

    Fuku, an accident impossible in a modern nuke, caused by a corrupt regulator in an ancient nuke and causing no long term damage outside the plant gate, keeping nuke power’s zero fatalities in 50 years of operation record complete. Compare that to the tens of thousands of tons of deadly forever toxic chemical pollution now covering FUKU lands with an oily sheen and the tens of thousands of Japanese dying annually from the fossil air pollution that replaced it. Japanese nukes showed their was no earthquake, or Tsunami risk when normal IAEA practises are followed. Volcano risk – nobody builds nukes on volcanoes.

    “One argument that will never wash with me is the thousands of lives that will be saved if we eliminate all fossil fuels. Considering the scourge of overpopulation on the planet, I fail to see how that would be a good thing. ”

    Now that states the case for the Greenie Denier ghoul. They love swimming in the blood of the innocent.

    Link to this
  12. 12. sethdiyal 10:34 pm 03/16/2014

    @Captd

    aka Captain Koch is a well known and self admitted coal industry troll.

    Actually as I posted above above nuclear is half the cost of gas and 30% the cost of coal.Today’s nukes use less carbon per kwh produced than wind/solar, orders of magnitude less when fossil backup is included.

    “Queen of England controls most of the Uranium mined in the World, ”

    Whadda wack job. The Queen owns Kazakhstan, and Canadian and Aussie Uranium companies?

    “majority of its citizens do not want to risk yet another Trillion Dollar Eco-Disaster like Fukushima by restarting their nuclear power plants,”

    As we see from FUKU, the worst case nuke disaster caused no long term damage outside the plant gates and limited to the the decomm of site’s already ancient reactors. THe rest was pure politics zero science. The accident was caused by corruption, now taken care of with a new IAEA supervised regulator. The Japanese don’t seem to be that concerned – they elected a government that promised to fire up the nuke.

    Link to this
  13. 13. SAULT18 11:52 am 03/17/2014

    I see sethy is just pulling numbers out of random orifices of his body again. A true mark of the tinfoil hat brigade: unsourced numbers and spurrious claims made without a shred of evidence to back them up. Face it seth, nuclear power fizzled in the 1980′s because the plants were just too costly and took too long to build properly. “Too cheap to meter” my foot!

    Link to this
  14. 14. SAULT18 12:02 pm 03/17/2014

    I do have one point of agreement with seth, though!Germany shouldn’t shut down nuclear plants before their design life runs out. They’ve already paid billions of Marks / Euros to subsidize the wazoo out of these plants so they might as well try to recoup some of their losses. The government regulators will still need to be all over these nuclear plants like white on rice to make sure everything is being run in a safe manner. And they need to make sure ALL waste disposal and plant decommissioning costs are paid for by incorporating these costs into the price of electricity instead of just forcing the government to deal with these problems after the plants shut down.

    If they can run these plants safely for another decade or two all while making sure the nuclear industry can’t “Privatize the profits and Socialize the losses”, then keep the nuclear plants running. If, on the other hand, there is no way to prevent the regulatory capture of government agencies by the very same nuclear industry they’re supposed to be regulating, or if it is impossible to untangle the web of government support nuclear power receives wherever it is built, then I guess you have to shut them down.

    Link to this
  15. 15. CaptD 2:10 pm 03/17/2014

    @sethdiyal Name calling is not allowed.

    Also, to set the record straight, you are is lying about me being a paid or un-paid troll for the Coal and/or any other industry!

    Good article about those that seek to twist information on the web:

    How Covert Agents Infiltrate the Internet to Manipulate, Deceive, and Destroy Reputations – The Intercept

    https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2014/02/24/jtrig-manipulation/

    Link to this
  16. 16. CaptD 2:16 pm 03/17/2014

    SAULT18
    Re: “The government regulators will still need to be all over these nuclear plants like white on rice to make sure everything is being run in a safe manner.”

    Regulators cannot prevent all nuclear accidents since Fukushima proved that Nature can destroy any land based nuclear reactor, any place anytime 24/7 so the German people are smart to decommission ASAP because they cannot afford to take a chance and lose part of their Country, like Japan has done.

    Link to this
  17. 17. SAULT18 4:02 pm 03/17/2014

    Capt,

    There were clear warnings about the risk to Fukushima from tsunami waves. TEPCO just couldn’t be bothered to make the necessary improvements and the government regulators didn’t demand them either. We need to enact all prudent safety measures at these plants and see if nuclear power can stand on its own or not. Shutting the plants down right now will give nuclear fanatics like seth a convenient scapegoat for decades where they can claim that “greenies” shut down these plants instead of economics.

    In reality, most of Germany’s nuclear plants are beyond their original design life anyway and the battle is over extensions to the licenses of these plants to operate beyond their design life. This is risky and shouldn’t be done, but the newer plants have operated without a meltdown for a while now. You’d have to balance the small risk of a meltdown with the very real issue of pollution and climate change that will result from shutting these plants down prematurely. Shutting them down later allows for more renewable energy to be brought on-line to replace them by that time.

    Link to this
  18. 18. jgrosay 6:21 pm 03/17/2014

    Will Germany really phase out nuclear by 2021?
    Who knows?
    But probably, Frau Merkel would pass out of government before this year 2021 term, besides her age, she has two serious handicaps: a) Even a not too long time living in a communist country damages your soul in an irreversible way. b) Churches beg no political party wearing the qualificative ‘Christian’, but she and her party keep going on this against all odds.

    Link to this
  19. 19. Jerzy v. 3.0. 9:43 am 03/18/2014

    In practice, Germany continues to rely on Russian gas, and indirectly funds e.g. Putin’s military adventure in Ukraine.

    I am not sure German taxpayers, envirnomental groups and energy producers are happy about it. But the fact remains.

    Link to this
  20. 20. SteveK9 1:25 pm 03/18/2014

    Another problem is that Germany is currently using Poland, the Czech Republic, and some others as dumping grounds for excess electricity, when the wind happens to be blowing hard. This is to try to preserve the stability of their grid. Unfortunately it is destabilizing the grids of these neighbors and they are making plans to install massive switches to cut off this power when it is excessive. That is going to make Germany’s task even more difficult. They may have the political power to prevent their neighbors from doing what is in their best interest. Time will tell.

    Link to this
  21. 21. CaptD 8:22 pm 03/18/2014

    Posted at: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-03-17/france-s-industrial-giants-call-for-price-cap-on-nuclear.html

    I’d add that France grossly under estimated the cost to decommission their reactors and now has had to add a special energy tax to try and help pay for future decommissioning!

    Nuclear will continue to be ever more expensive as new Solar costs continues to decline, especially in Countries like Germany that are early adopters of Solar (of all flavors) Energy!

    France in order to become competitive, needs to start decommissioning their nuclear reactors ASAP, and they would be well advised to seek financial help from those Countries (like Germany) who are located “downwind” from France, who would be far safer if France did not continue to have the RISK of a European Fukushima hanging over their heads!

    It is time that France join with its neighbors and develop a European Energy GRID that will power everyone well into the 21 Century; any thing less will only result in regional geo-Energy politics that will doom them all to a life of less or even one or more potential Fukushima-type disasters which would devastate all of Europe!

    Link to this
  22. 22. CaptD 12:14 pm 03/19/2014

    France is now learning that Nuclear is a Ripoff – CaptD

    France is now in a big ☢ hole that will take them Trillions to get out of because of their aging NPP decommissioning costs PLUS now they realize that the energy generated by their reactors is too expensive!

    Other Countries will now see the wisdom of what Germany and others have been saying, those that go Solar (of all flavors) first will be the ones to end their enslavement to Big Utilities that are keeping Energy prices high to increase their shareholders profits!

    Excerpts from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-03-17/france-s-industrial-giants-call-for-price-cap-on-nuclear.html

    Link to this
  23. 23. CaptD 1:55 pm 03/21/2014

    France is now between the nuclear Rock and the Energy Hard place because they allowed EDF to push Nuclear upon them “for the good France”, which really meant for the good of EDF…

    If France were smart, besides installing Solar (PV and Wind), they would start a National program to develop tidal Energy ASAP since they have the Atlantic Ocean coastline and rivers to take advantage of using it plus they could then sell their technology Globally!

    Decommissioning their aging fleet of Nuclear reactors will cost them many, many Billions of Euro’s that they cannot afford since every Euro they have to spend decommissioning will be yet another Euro that they could have been spent installing Solar (of all flavors) generation that would be now providing them “FREE” Energy for the next 30+ years. Also, the longer they wait, the more decommissioning will cost and the greater chance that something really BAD (think Fukushima) will happen which would not only cripple France’s economy but also those of the Countries “downwind”, like Germany…

    Link to this
  24. 24. Chryses 9:49 am 03/29/2014

    “Will Germany really phase out nuclear by 2021?”

    Unlikely.

    Link to this

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