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Taiwan’s “Occupy” Movement Teeters between Peace and Violence

The views expressed are those of the author and are not necessarily those of Scientific American.


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Several thousand protestors sit in the streets surrounding the main legislative building in Taipei.

In the biggest student-led protest in Taiwan’s history, an estimated 10,000 people have surrounded government buildings in Taipei in opposition to an impending trade deal with mainland China. The movement began spontaneously, when hundreds of protestors seized control of Taiwan’s main legislative building last Tuesday night. On Sunday evening the clashes escalated, with several dozen people injured in skirmishes between police and activists who had stormed the Executive Yuan, which houses the Cabinet.

Protestors brought sunflowers as a nod to the event's nickname, the Sunflower Movement.

Yet when I visited the protests on Saturday, I was struck by the extraordinary civility and peacefulness on display. The students, professors and other supporters sat in neat rows in the streets flanking the occupied legislative building. Many attendees carried sunflowers, a salute to the event’s nickname, the Sunflower Movement.

Protestors here are objecting to a move by Taiwan’s leading party to skip an itemized review of the trade agreement, as had been promised. The new pact would open up Taiwan’s service sector to Chinese investment, raising fears that the mainland will increase its leverage over the island. Businesses in the service sector make up almost 70 percent of Taiwan’s economy. Some protestors oppose the pact entirely, whereas others object to the way the government is pushing it forward without a public review.

Hand-drawn posters line the streets.

The deal comes on the heels of a half-decade of warming relations between the Taiwanese government and mainland China. Only in 2008 did Taiwan begin to allow direct travel, trade and postal connections with China. Previously, all such links were routed through a third party, often Hong Kong. To get just a taste of Taiwan’s historically fierce protection of its sovereignty from China, consider that it only permits ten mainland films to be released in the island per year, a quota applied exclusively to its neighbor across the strait. This trade agreement will likely increase that figure.

Riot police stand behind barbed wire that has been wrapped in paper and festooned with sunflowers.

On Saturday, the thousands upon thousands of young Taiwanese people sitting in the streets were quiet and friendly. Volunteers amiably but firmly kept walkways clear around the site. Upon exiting a port-a-potty, you could expect to find a volunteer offering to pour bottled water over your hands. Nearby businesses offered free snacks.

Protesters who had entered the legislative building were sitting on its roof and peering out its windows. Police maintained a very low profile—the most visible presence was at the Executive Yuan, around the corner, where several tiers of barbed wire stood between the police and pedestrians. Thorny fencing also guarded parts of the legislative building, but to less effect. Here, protestors had wrapped cushioning around the sharp edges and tucked sunflowers between its wires.

 





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  1. 1. tuned 10:30 am 03/24/2014

    Lose violence and keep credibility.

    Link to this
  2. 2. David Cummings 11:05 am 03/24/2014

    Can’t blame them for demanding public review of the agreement.

    It’s possible that the “move by Taiwan’s leading party to skip an itemized review of the trade agreement” is an under-the-table demand by the PRC.

    Link to this
  3. 3. vkint 12:09 am 03/25/2014

    The students stormed the Taiwanese legislature, barricaded themselves in, and gave President an ultimatum. What other government in the world would allow that? That type of action is borderline seditious.

    Link to this
  4. 4. YangHui 5:43 pm 03/31/2014

    I have to agree with vkint on this one. Although their demand, to release the agreement for itemized review, is totally reasonable, storming the legislature is not the correct way to do so in a democratic government. The orderly protests outside, however, all well within their rights.

    Link to this
  5. 5. Fleir1209 1:39 am 04/2/2014

    For more information about the Sunflower Movement in Taiwan, Please go to this website: 4am.tw

    There are timeline, photos, videos and global media coverage to give you a full picture of the movement.

    And we need your support!

    Thanks.

    Link to this

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