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Posts Tagged "Cog-notions"

MIND Guest Blog

Every Day Is Interdependence Day

Sci_Am_Interdependent_Balancing

We see with our ideas. That idea can open our eyes to key questions about modeling human nature. Varying blues and illusions illuminate a weird sampling error at the heart of a heartless economic worldview. And suggest a fix. To see how deeply ideas influence what we see, consider that: Russians have blues, but no [...]

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MIND Guest Blog

The Limits of Psychophysics, and Physics

Sci_Am_Biological_BilliardBalls

Psychophysics secretly dominates our social sciences. Such physics-ing often improves experimental practice, but its mathematical methods face new challenges. As every infant knows, but too many scientists ignore, people aren’t biological billiard balls. The founders of psychophysics were the first to treat psychology as an experimental and quantifiable science. They studied the effects of physical [...]

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MIND Guest Blog

Rationality in Markets Is Cognitively Unnatural

Sci_Am_Robot_vs_Human_Rationality

The label “rational” is becoming illogical. Economists, even the better behavioral kind, use it particularly badly. That great scholar of human nature, Shakespeare, knew better. We evolved to be relationally rational. We productively resist certain transactional gains. Consider the Ultimatum Game, which has a Proposer and a Responder. The Proposer is given some money and [...]

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MIND Guest Blog

Better Behaved Behavioral Models

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We often can’t rely on ourselves to act rationally. We know this, but much social science has a bad habit of ignoring it. A more realistic role for rationality is needed to grasp the unhidden but unmodeled relationship between decisions and actions. We evolved to frequently act without deciding. The widely used Rational Actor Model [...]

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MIND Guest Blog

Colonoscopies Clarify Inner Workings of Minds

Sci Am Mind Caveman My Life Edited

Memories are story shaped. As are understandings. To remember, or make sense of, a thing is to have a story about it. Colonoscopies and correcting cathartic errors can probe the inner workings of these stored stories. Memories aren’t machine-like recordings. They resemble movies more than raw footage. They are carefully lit and edited. Daniel Kahneman [...]

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MIND Guest Blog

The Cognitive Science of Star Trek

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Star Trek needs more advanced cognitive science. The work of Kahneman can augment one of its central philosophical themes. We now have less warped models of intuition, logic, and morality. Take one small but telling example from the latest Star Trek movie: Kirk, in a dire spot, says he wants to be more like Spock: [...]

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MIND Guest Blog

Kahneman’s Clarity: Using Mysterious Coinage in Science

Sci Am Blinfolded By Theory JOOTSING

Feeling is a form of thinking. Both are ways of processing data, though one is faster. Establishing those re-conceptions required a powerful under-noticed scientific technique that needs no instruments or mathematics, just new language. What Daniel Kahneman calls “theory induced blindness” can be cured by artful use of mysterious new coinage. In his field reshaping, [...]

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MIND Guest Blog

Kahneman and Bentham’s Bucket of Happiness

Sci Am Bentham's Happiness Bucket

We need a new happiness. The one most people use now is confusing even our smartest scientists. The problems start with “Bentham’s bucket error” but Plato’s pastry and a rare case of reality in Freud can revive healthier pursuits of happiness. Daniel Kahneman, who has plausibly been called the “most important psychologist alive today,” has [...]

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