ADVERTISEMENT
  About the SA Blog Network













Guest Blog

Guest Blog


Commentary invited by editors of Scientific American
Guest Blog HomeAboutContact

Food Fight: Why Are We So Passionate about What Enters Our Bodies?

The views expressed are those of the author and are not necessarily those of Scientific American.


Email   PrintPrint



Why is that there can be such divergent views about basically the same body of evidence regarding organic and GM food? This debate/argument illustrates two things; the subjective and emotional nature of risk perception, and the fallacy of our faith in pure fact-based Cartesian reason as the be-all and end-all way of figuring out the truth.

In the response to Christie Wilcox’s challenge of the organic orthodoxy both sides wielded their data and experts like weapons, but underneath this war is not about the details. Defenders of the orthodoxy called Wilcox “an industry shill” and scolded “Shame on you Christie Wilcox! Any true ecologist knows that GMO is destroying our world”. Others attacked those critics as “organic zealots” and said “It is mind-boggling how anti-science some organic proponents are”. Can you hear something else going on there, something more fundamental than disputes over yield-per-acre and whether organic pesticides are somehow less dangerous than industrial chemicals, something almost…well…cultural?

Indeed. Research under the rubric Cultural Cognition Theory has found that our views on many issues are shaped by underlying cultural ‘group’ identities. We subconsciously develop views that align with the group with which we most strongly identify. That contributes to social cohesion, which strengthens our group’s dominance in overall society, and enhances our group’s acceptance of us as members in good standing. To a social animal, both are really important for health and well-being, for survival. Given those stakes, it’s small wonder that our views can be so visceral and resistant to change

To Cultural Cognition, group means something deeper than what normally comes to mind. This theory (an outgrowth of the Cultural Theory of Risk, from Mary Douglas and Aaron Wildavsky) finds that we orient into four basic groups, and that these identities reflect how we’d like society to operate;

- An Individualist prefers a society that mostly leaves the individual alone, where individual rights and choices have the greatest say, and there is generally less government and social interaction/interference, not more.
- A Communitarian prefers a “we’re all in this together” society where the collective is more involved in determining how things go, and government involvement is generally a good thing.
- A Hierarchist prefers a society that operates within fixed divisions of class and race, a predictably rigid status quo constrained by the familiar old way of doing things.
- Egalitarians bristle at what they see as the injustice of restrictive economic and social class and hierarchy. They prefer a more flexible and fair society, free of the limitations and inequalities of class that limit social and economic mobility. Egalitarians tend to blame Hierarchists (usually political conservatives), and Big Business, for imposing many of the social and economic class restrictions that limit a fairer world.

Egalitarians criticize the major institutions of the modern economy – big corporations and their money and power – for contributing to unfair and restrictive class structures. By extension, the products and methods of these corporations are also attacked. Listen, then, for the Egalitarian world view in the following comments:

— “When a company like Monsanto or ADM patent (sic) the genes of their crops and then go around suing people whose own crops have cross pollinated with GM crops, it makes these potentially useful crops very, very bad for business.”

— “…the unscrupulous methods of firms like Monsanto cause a lot of suspicion and distaste for GMOs.”

— One person said they would not be opposed to genetically modified food if there were “greater controls placed on the corporations marketing these GM crops.”

And remember, Egalitarians want society to operate in a fairer, freer way. One respondent defended organic agriculture as “democratic”.

But Cultural Cognition isn’t the only subconscious force compelling a disagreement over basically the same factual evidence. Much has been written lately about the Theory of Argumentative Reasoning, the idea that human reason developed not as a tool for figuring out the truth but as a way to advance the fitness and survival of those who could win arguments and have things go their way. Winning arguments, then, is not about something as superficial as the truth. It’s a much more important battle about whose truth wins. Which may help explain why when the facts don’t work, we disparage those with whom we disagree, challenging their veracity, their honesty (funding), their intelligence.

Said one frustrated writer, “…most people who buy organic do not want to know the truth. They would rather not spoil their idea that they are doing the right thing for their family and the environment. It is much easier and feels better for them to buy into the whole organic myth.” Others invoked the ‘Denialist” label, clearly as an epithet. “It is abundantly clear that devotion to organic farming is part of a faith based belief system. Facts and data do not matter – if a fact or piece of data contradicts your faith, you simply dismiss it or attack the messengers as being tools of ______ (fill in the blank: satan, evil industrialists, arrogant scientist know-it-alls who are playing god, etc.)”

The conflicting views about these forms of agriculture, based on the same core body of evidence as seen through such different affective lenses, teach an important lesson. Pure fact-based reason is a wonderful ideal, but an unattainable myth. On top of what we have learned about how Cultural Cognition shapes our views, and how reason is an adapative/fitness tool for winning arguments, the study of risk perception psychology has revealed emotional/instinctive characteristics that make some risks feel scarier than others, the facts notwithstanding. Human-made risks like pesticides and foods that have been genetically modified in a test tube evoke more fear and concern than natural ones like organic (i.e. natural) pesticides and foods that have been genetically modified the old fashioned way via natural hybridization.

Then there is neuroscientist Antonio Damasio work. In Descartes Error he described a study subject whose prefrontal cortex –where we do conscious thinking and deciding – could not communicate with his limbic system – the area of the brain associated with feelings and affect. This man could not make any choices or behave rationally, because the facts had no valence. Without input on how the facts felt, they literally had no meaning.

Satirist Ambrose Bierce defined the brain as “the organ with which we think we think.” There is a large, robust, and diverse body of evidence from various sciences that suggest Bierce was right. The argument over organic food and GM crops is just one more real-world example of an argument that invokes the facts, but in fact is about much much more.

(And if any of the above is accurate, the comment stream that hopefully follows will probably include a lot of fact-based arguments in support of or criticizing the orthodoxy of organic food, which will be more evidence of the phenomenon I’ve tried to describe.)

Related at Scientific American: Science Education and Changing People’s Minds: Writing to convince:

David Ropeik About the Author: David Ropeik is an Instructor at the Harvard Extension School and author of 'How Risky Is It, Really? Why Our Fears Don’t Always Match the Facts'. Follow on Twitter @dropeik.

The views expressed are those of the author and are not necessarily those of Scientific American.






Comments 203 Comments

Add Comment
  1. 1. mem from somerville 10:30 pm 08/11/2011

    I’ve been reading a lot of your stuff lately, and I agree with many of the assessments of the state of argumentation on GMOs/organic, vaccines, etc.

    But what I’m not getting is what *is* effective. Show me a good example of how each of those personas should have responded to that organic article to effectively make their case–you don’t have to take a side, show me all of them.

    For example, I might have considered myself an egalitarian. I want all farmers to have access to the best technology to create food security for themselves and their communities. And I want them to be able to reduce pesticides for safety as well. And I think the way to do that includes GMOs.

    But I’ll bet a lot of people characterizing my view would have called me a shill.

    Show me what to do here.

    Or should we stop commenting on blogs and news sites and stuff? Is that only making things worse?

    Link to this
  2. 2. bucketofsquid 11:31 am 08/12/2011

    Apparently I’m an egalitarian communitarian. We are all in this together and we need to level the playing field. Putting a harsh cap on inheritance would be a good start. I have no problem with modified foods as long as they keep me from malnutrition and ill health. I buy organic if it is sold at the same price as regular food. There are many different agricultural methods that improve value of crops to the end consumer. It would be wiser to adopt the method that works best for the situation each grower is in.

    As for the evil of Monsanto, if they allow the pollen from their crops to cross pollinate someone else’s field they have clearly released the patented DNA into the public domain. This means anyone can grow it at any time without paying them a dime. If on the other hand, someone deliberately cross pollinated their own fields with Monsanto DNA with out paying Monsanto then they are guilty of theft.

    Link to this
  3. 3. cat 4 brother 9:45 am 01/16/2015

    Souls in the Waves…

    Very good Morning, I just stopped in to visit your site and believed I would say I loved myself….

    Link to this
  4. 4. water ionizer 7:06 pm 01/21/2015

    The Birch of the Shadow…

    I believe there may possibly become a few duplicates, but an exceedingly handy record! I’ve tweeted this. Lots of thanks for sharing!…

    Link to this
  5. 5. cvwdtcsdijcncbcyggv 2:21 am 02/11/2015

    Title…

    [...]although web sites we backlink to below are considerably not connected to ours, we feel they may be basically really worth a go through, so possess a look[...]…

    Link to this
  6. 6. alkaline water 7:43 pm 02/13/2015

    Whispering Misty…

    So sorry you are going to miss the workshop!…

    Link to this
  7. 7. Eli 5:44 am 02/14/2015

    Title…

    [...]Here is an excellent Weblog You may Find Interesting that we Encourage You[...]…

    Link to this
  8. 8. Porno 11:45 am 02/14/2015

    Title…

    [...]we like to honor numerous other web web pages on the net, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages really worth checking out[...]…

    Link to this
  9. 9. alkaline water machine 3:32 pm 02/14/2015

    The Silent Shard…

    This could possibly be rather handy for some within your positions I want to don’t only with my blog but…

    Link to this
  10. 10. Maduras 3:42 pm 02/14/2015

    Title…

    [...]Every after inside a although we pick out blogs that we read. Listed beneath are the most recent websites that we opt for [...]…

    Link to this
  11. 11. videos xxx 4:03 pm 02/14/2015

    Title…

    [...]Every once in a though we pick blogs that we study. Listed beneath are the newest websites that we select [...]…

    Link to this
  12. 12. insurance 6:10 pm 02/15/2015

    Title…

    [...]we came across a cool internet site that you could possibly love. Take a appear if you want[...]…

    Link to this
  13. 13. click site 4:12 am 02/16/2015

    Title…

    [...]Here are several of the sites we suggest for our visitors[...]…

    Link to this
  14. 14. videos gays 5:14 am 02/16/2015

    Title…

    [...]although sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not connected to ours, we really feel they’re truly really worth a go as a result of, so have a look[...]…

    Link to this
  15. 15. bdswiss 8:50 am 02/16/2015

    Title…

    [...]here are some hyperlinks to sites that we link to mainly because we believe they are really worth visiting[...]…

    Link to this
  16. 16. More hints 9:50 am 02/16/2015

    Title…

    [...]Sites of interest we have a link to[...]…

    Link to this
  17. 17. easy online dating 5:51 pm 02/16/2015

    Title…

    [...]one of our visitors a short while ago encouraged the following website[...]…

    Link to this
  18. 18. xxx 11:43 pm 02/16/2015

    Title…

    [...]please visit the web pages we adhere to, such as this one particular, as it represents our picks in the web[...]…

    Link to this
  19. 19. videos porno 12:56 am 02/17/2015

    Title…

    [...]Every when in a while we choose blogs that we study. Listed below are the newest web pages that we pick out [...]…

    Link to this
  20. 20. asia dating 5:11 am 02/17/2015

    Title…

    [...]usually posts some pretty exciting stuff like this. If you are new to this site[...]…

    Link to this
  21. 21. try this out 8:46 am 02/17/2015

    Title…

    [...]although internet sites we backlink to below are considerably not related to ours, we feel they are actually really worth a go by means of, so have a look[...]…

    Link to this
  22. 22. social media for your business 9:39 am 02/17/2015

    Title…

    [...]Every after in a while we select blogs that we study. Listed beneath are the most up-to-date web-sites that we opt for [...]…

    Link to this
  23. 23. business social media marketing 10:31 am 02/17/2015

    Title…

    [...]here are some hyperlinks to sites that we link to for the reason that we consider they may be worth visiting[...]…

    Link to this
  24. 24. view publisher site 12:04 pm 02/17/2015

    Title…

    [...]please stop by the web pages we adhere to, which includes this one, because it represents our picks through the web[...]…

    Link to this
  25. 25. new free dating sites 1:19 pm 02/17/2015

    Title…

    [...]we like to honor quite a few other online web sites around the web, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Below are some webpages worth checking out[...]…

    Link to this
  26. 26. dating beautiful women 5:17 pm 02/17/2015

    Title…

    [...]just beneath, are several completely not connected web sites to ours, nevertheless, they are certainly really worth going over[...]…

    Link to this
  27. 27. see here now 6:29 pm 02/17/2015

    Title…

    [...]Sites of interest we have a link to[...]…

    Link to this
  28. 28. social media marketing business 7:15 pm 02/17/2015

    Title…

    [...]just beneath, are numerous completely not connected web-sites to ours, nonetheless, they’re certainly really worth going over[...]…

    Link to this
  29. 29. Claude Pussot 10:58 pm 02/17/2015

    Title…

    [...]below you will uncover the link to some web-sites that we consider you must visit[...]…

    Link to this
  30. 30. Google 11:20 pm 02/17/2015

    Google…

    Check below, are some totally unrelated websites to ours, nonetheless, they are most trustworthy sources that we use….

    Link to this
  31. 31. social media sites for business 11:26 pm 02/17/2015

    Title…

    [...]The facts mentioned inside the post are some of the top accessible [...]…

    Link to this
  32. 32. przedszkole montessori Warszawa 2:51 am 02/18/2015

    Title…

    [...]although internet websites we backlink to beneath are considerably not related to ours, we really feel they are in fact really worth a go via, so possess a look[...]…

    Link to this
  33. 33. free instagram app for android 5:41 am 02/18/2015

    Title…

    [...]that is the end of this article. Here you’ll find some web pages that we think you will enjoy, just click the links over[...]…

    Link to this
  34. 34. https://issuu.com/usprepper8usprepper8 6:30 pm 02/18/2015

    Title…

    [...]the time to study or check out the subject material or web pages we have linked to below the[...]…

    Link to this
  35. 35. kangen 6:39 pm 02/18/2015

    The Absent Game…

    Amongst me and my husband we’ve owned far more MP3 players over the years than I can count, like Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few several years I’ve settled down to one line of gamers….

    Link to this
  36. 36. anti wrinkle gel pads 7:24 pm 02/18/2015

    Title…

    [...]Every when in a whilst we choose blogs that we read. Listed below are the most up-to-date sites that we pick [...]…

    Link to this
  37. 37. pure garcinia cambogia reviews 12:56 am 02/19/2015

    Title…

    [...]below you’ll uncover the link to some web-sites that we believe it is best to visit[...]…

    Link to this
  38. 38. Signs Of Pregnancy 12:09 pm 02/19/2015

    Title…

    [...]although sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not connected to ours, we really feel they are basically really worth a go by, so possess a look[...]…

    Link to this
  39. 39. signal decoding software 12:29 pm 02/19/2015

    Title…

    [...]always a massive fan of linking to bloggers that I love but don’t get a good deal of link like from[...]…

    Link to this
  40. 40. kitchen remodeling the woodlands 1:40 pm 02/19/2015

    Title…

    [...]we came across a cool internet site which you could possibly enjoy. Take a appear for those who want[...]…

    Link to this
  41. 41. employment background checks 10:01 pm 02/19/2015

    Title…

    [...]check below, are some totally unrelated internet sites to ours, even so, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use[...]…

    Link to this
  42. 42. car lease 3:37 am 02/20/2015

    car lease…

    [...]Here are a few of the web-sites we suggest for our visitors[...]…

    Link to this
  43. 43. tick charts 3:52 am 02/20/2015

    tick charts…

    [...]although web-sites we backlink to below are considerably not associated to ours, we really feel they’re basically really worth a go through, so have a look[...]…

    Link to this
  44. 44. xxx 3:20 pm 02/20/2015

    Title…

    [...]Here are a number of the websites we recommend for our visitors[...]…

    Link to this
  45. 45. superior auto institute reviews 12:52 am 02/21/2015

    superior auto institute reviews…

    Link to this
  46. 46. videos porno 5:51 am 02/21/2015

    Title…

    [...]check below, are some entirely unrelated websites to ours, even so, they are most trustworthy sources that we use[...]…

    Link to this
  47. 47. poker automatics video reviews 4:13 pm 02/21/2015

    Title…

    [...]although sites we backlink to below are considerably not connected to ours, we really feel they may be basically really worth a go through, so possess a look[...]…

    Link to this
  48. 48. maquinitas tragamonedas 5:10 pm 02/21/2015

    Thorn of Girl…

    Excellent facts can be identified on this world wide web website….

    Link to this
  49. 49. ebay businesses for sale 12:33 pm 02/22/2015

    ebay businesses for sale…

    [...]the time to read or visit the subject material or web sites we’ve linked to below the[...]…

    Link to this
  50. 50. best minecraft seeds 4:12 pm 02/22/2015

    Third Flower…

    My wife and that i have been now delighted that Albert could perform his scientific tests because of the concepts he had through your web page. It truly is from time to time perplexing to simply generally be freely giving ways which lots of people coul…

    Link to this
  51. 51. kangen water machine 6:10 pm 02/22/2015

    Souls in the Waves…

    Fantastic Early morning, I just stopped in to go to your site and believed I’d say I loved myself….

    Link to this
  52. 52. visit this page 7:27 pm 02/22/2015

    Title…

    [...]below you will discover the link to some web pages that we consider you need to visit[...]…

    Link to this
  53. 53. Fully loaded xbmc box 7:41 pm 02/22/2015

    Title…

    [...]we came across a cool web page that you simply could possibly take pleasure in. Take a look if you want[...]…

    Link to this
  54. 54. free autoresponder 8:24 pm 02/22/2015

    Title…

    [...]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a few unrelated information, nevertheless definitely really worth taking a look, whoa did one study about Mid East has got far more problerms as well [...]…

    Link to this
  55. 55. dise�o de interiores de casas peque�as de campo 8:36 pm 02/22/2015

    Title…

    [...]usually posts some incredibly exciting stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[...]…

    Link to this
  56. 56. kingsford waterbay location 9:44 pm 02/22/2015

    Title…

    [...]Sites of interest we have a link to[...]…

    Link to this
  57. 57. beach bunny flamenca 5:43 am 02/23/2015

    Title…

    [...]usually posts some incredibly intriguing stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[...]…

    Link to this
  58. 58. my sources 5:52 am 02/23/2015

    Title…

    [...]usually posts some pretty exciting stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[...]…

    Link to this
  59. 59. Elvira 8:25 am 02/23/2015

    Title…

    [...]Every when in a when we opt for blogs that we study. Listed beneath would be the latest websites that we select [...]…

    Link to this
  60. 60. videos xxx 1:14 pm 02/23/2015

    Title…

    [...]we like to honor many other world-wide-web web-sites around the web, even if they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages worth checking out[...]…

    Link to this
  61. 61. muebles rusticos puebla 2:18 pm 02/23/2015

    Title…

    [...]just beneath, are many absolutely not related web-sites to ours, nonetheless, they’re surely worth going over[...]…

    Link to this
  62. 62. Joanne 3:23 pm 02/23/2015

    Title…

    [...]The information and facts talked about within the article are a few of the ideal out there [...]…

    Link to this
  63. 63. kingsford waterbay showflat 6:50 pm 02/23/2015

    Title…

    [...]we came across a cool web-site that you simply may well get pleasure from. Take a search should you want[...]…

    Link to this
  64. 64. sexo casero 10:03 pm 02/23/2015

    Title…

    [...]very couple of web-sites that come about to be detailed beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly very well worth checking out[...]…

    Link to this
  65. 65. mas�z 11:41 pm 02/23/2015

    Title…

    [...]the time to read or pay a visit to the subject material or internet sites we’ve linked to below the[...]…

    Link to this
  66. 66. maduras 6:36 am 02/24/2015

    Title…

    [...]that is the finish of this post. Here you will discover some web sites that we consider you’ll enjoy, just click the links over[...]…

    Link to this
  67. 67. paintless dent repair training 6:55 am 02/24/2015

    paintless dent repair training…

    [...]usually posts some extremely fascinating stuff like this. If you are new to this site[...]…

    Link to this
  68. 68. paid modeling jobs 9:06 am 02/24/2015

    Title…

    [...]Here are a number of the sites we advocate for our visitors[...]…

    Link to this
  69. 69. this post 12:18 pm 02/24/2015

    Title…

    [...]usually posts some quite intriguing stuff like this. If you are new to this site[...]…

    Link to this
  70. 70. buy bk-2c-b pellets uk 6:57 pm 02/24/2015

    The Ships’s Voyages…

    I believe technological innovation just can make it even worse. Now there’s a channel to by no means treatment, now there will not be considered a possibility for them to find….

    Link to this
  71. 71. best buy fashion jewelry 9:17 pm 02/24/2015

    Title…

    [...]we came across a cool website that you may possibly get pleasure from. Take a search should you want[...]…

    Link to this
  72. 72. buy synthacaine powder 12:48 am 02/25/2015

    The Slave of the Husband…

    In search of forward to studying excess from you afterward!……

    Link to this
  73. 73. my website 4:06 am 02/25/2015

    Title…

    [...]one of our guests recently encouraged the following website[...]…

    Link to this
  74. 74. directtvalternative 8:12 am 02/25/2015

    Title…

    [...]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a couple of unrelated information, nonetheless really really worth taking a search, whoa did one master about Mid East has got additional problerms also [...]…

    Link to this
  75. 75. Black Flag Wing Chun 11:03 am 02/25/2015

    Black Flag Wing Chun…

    [...]The details talked about within the report are a number of the best accessible [...]…

    Link to this
  76. 76. a knockout post 11:14 am 02/25/2015

    Title…

    [...]one of our guests just lately recommended the following website[...]…

    Link to this
  77. 77. blood test 11:53 am 02/25/2015

    Title…

    [...]the time to study or visit the material or sites we have linked to beneath the[...]…

    Link to this
  78. 78. Groupon Sex Toys 12:16 pm 02/25/2015

    Groupon Sex Toys…

    [...]here are some hyperlinks to sites that we link to simply because we assume they may be really worth visiting[...]…

    Link to this
  79. 79. Pokrov spiritually religious movement 1:02 pm 02/25/2015

    Title…

    [...]below you’ll uncover the link to some internet sites that we feel you’ll want to visit[...]…

    Link to this
  80. 80. botanique at bartley singapore 6:19 pm 02/25/2015

    Title…

    [...]we prefer to honor a lot of other internet websites around the internet, even though they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Below are some webpages worth checking out[...]…

    Link to this
  81. 81. best buy smartphone charger 8:15 pm 02/25/2015

    Title…

    [...]always a huge fan of linking to bloggers that I adore but don’t get a good deal of link love from[...]…

    Link to this
  82. 82. free insurance quotes 10:25 pm 02/25/2015

    free insurance quotes…

    [...]although internet sites we backlink to below are considerably not connected to ours, we feel they’re in fact really worth a go by, so possess a look[...]…

    Link to this
  83. 83. videos xxx 4:15 am 02/26/2015

    Title…

    [...]Here are several of the web sites we advocate for our visitors[...]…

    Link to this
  84. 84. Pregnancy Calculator 4:21 am 02/26/2015

    Title…

    [...]we like to honor a lot of other web internet sites on the web, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Underneath are some webpages worth checking out[...]…

    Link to this
  85. 85. best travel agencies 10:47 am 02/26/2015

    best travel agencies…

    Link to this
  86. 86. comprar slackline 3:19 pm 02/26/2015

    comprar slackline…

    [...]Here are several of the internet sites we suggest for our visitors[...]…

    Link to this
  87. 87. Adam and Eve Rabbit Vibrator 5:18 am 02/27/2015

    Adam and Eve Rabbit Vibrator…

    [...]Every as soon as inside a although we decide on blogs that we study. Listed below are the latest internet sites that we decide on [...]…

    Link to this
  88. 88. paintless dent repair training 11:47 am 02/27/2015

    paintless dent repair training…

    [...]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[...]…

    Link to this
  89. 89. free xbox live gold codes all working 2015 1:46 pm 02/27/2015

    Title…

    [...]The data talked about in the post are some of the best out there [...]…

    Link to this
  90. 90. propylphenidate uk 11:34 pm 02/27/2015

    Woman of Alien…

    Perfect do the job you have got completed, this site is really great with superb information. Time is God’s method of trying to keep every thing from occurring directly….

    Link to this
  91. 91. buy nifoxipam uk 3:23 am 02/28/2015

    Souls in the Waves…

    Very good Early morning, I just stopped in to go to your site and believed I’d say I liked myself….

    Link to this
  92. 92. london sports shop 3:56 am 02/28/2015

    Title…

    [...]one of our visitors recently proposed the following website[...]…

    Link to this
  93. 93. Idomus faktai 11:24 am 02/28/2015

    Title…

    [...]very few internet sites that occur to be detailed beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly well worth checking out[...]…

    Link to this
  94. 94. paydayloan 2:03 pm 02/28/2015

    paydayloan…

    [...]always a big fan of linking to bloggers that I like but really don’t get a lot of link love from[...]…

    Link to this
  95. 95. check that 5:57 pm 02/28/2015

    Title…

    [...]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[...]…

    Link to this
  96. 96. go right here 9:22 pm 02/28/2015

    Title…

    [...]Here is a superb Weblog You might Discover Exciting that we Encourage You[...]…

    Link to this
  97. 97. Westwood ec 1:28 am 03/1/2015

    Title…

    [...]please stop by the web sites we follow, such as this a single, because it represents our picks in the web[...]…

    Link to this
  98. 98. porno gratis 7:34 am 03/2/2015

    Title…

    [...]one of our visitors recently proposed the following website[...]…

    Link to this
  99. 99. http://www.menage-poly.com 12:03 pm 03/2/2015

    http://www.menage-poly.com…

    [...]here are some links to web pages that we link to due to the fact we consider they’re worth visiting[...]…

    Link to this
  100. 100. cabinets to go 12:28 pm 03/2/2015

    cabinets to go…

    [...]please go to the web-sites we comply with, which includes this one, because it represents our picks through the web[...]…

    Link to this
  101. 101. water ionizer 2:21 am 03/3/2015

    Thorn of Girl…

    Excellent information might be located on this internet weblog….

    Link to this
  102. 102. Donald Kernan Jr 3:32 am 03/3/2015

    Donald Kernan Jr…

    [...]although sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not related to ours, we really feel they’re basically worth a go via, so possess a look[...]…

    Link to this
  103. 103. water ionizers 6:09 am 03/3/2015

    The Slave of the Husband…

    Searching for forward to finding out added from you afterward!……

    Link to this
  104. 104. http://www.menage-poly.com/service-de-menage-residentiel.html 7:41 am 03/3/2015

    http://www.menage-poly.com/service-de-menage-residentiel.html…

    [...]although sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not related to ours, we really feel they’re essentially worth a go as a result of, so possess a look[...]…

    Link to this
  105. 105. viagra 7:57 am 03/3/2015

    Title…

    [...]one of our visitors a short while ago proposed the following website[...]…

    Link to this
  106. 106. hair trigger 10:06 am 03/3/2015

    Title…

    [...]The details mentioned within the write-up are some of the most effective readily available [...]…

    Link to this
  107. 107. Jesse Pope 3:39 pm 03/3/2015

    Title…

    [...]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[...]…

    Link to this
  108. 108. comics de incesto 6:23 pm 03/3/2015

    Title…

    [...]please visit the web pages we follow, like this a single, as it represents our picks through the web[...]…

    Link to this
  109. 109. alkaline water testimonials 7:29 pm 03/3/2015

    Souls in the Waves…

    Good Morning, I just stopped in to go to your website and believed I would say I loved myself….

    Link to this
  110. 110. alkaline water benefits 12:19 am 03/4/2015

    The Ships’s Voyages…

    I feel know-how just causes it to be even worse. Now there is a channel to hardly ever treatment, now there will not likely be considered a likelihood for them to find out….

    Link to this
  111. 111. Donald Alan Kernan Jr 10:41 am 03/4/2015

    Donald Alan Kernan Jr…

    [...]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[...]…

    Link to this
  112. 112. videos porno 11:11 am 03/4/2015

    Title…

    [...]check beneath, are some totally unrelated websites to ours, nonetheless, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use[...]…

    Link to this
  113. 113. comics porno 4:00 pm 03/4/2015

    Title…

    [...]usually posts some very interesting stuff like this. If you are new to this site[...]…

    Link to this
  114. 114. Donald Kernan Jr 10:51 pm 03/4/2015

    Donald Kernan Jr…

    [...]please go to the websites we follow, such as this one particular, as it represents our picks through the web[...]…

    Link to this
  115. 115. Bridget Parker 11:52 pm 03/4/2015

    Title…

    [...]here are some links to sites that we link to simply because we assume they’re really worth visiting[...]…

    Link to this
  116. 116. http://www.menage-poly.com/femme-de-menage.html 1:35 am 03/5/2015

    http://www.menage-poly.com/femme-de-menage.html…

    Link to this
  117. 117. http://www.menage-poly.com/service-entretien-menager.html 3:06 pm 03/5/2015

    http://www.menage-poly.com/service-entretien-menager.html…

    [...]Here is a superb Weblog You may Come across Interesting that we Encourage You[...]…

    Link to this
  118. 118. Aubusson Tapestry 10:17 pm 03/5/2015

    Aubusson Tapestry…

    [...]Every when inside a when we choose blogs that we study. Listed below would be the most recent web pages that we pick [...]…

    Link to this
  119. 119. antalya masaj 10:19 pm 03/5/2015

    Title…

    [...]just beneath, are quite a few completely not connected web pages to ours, however, they’re surely really worth going over[...]…

    Link to this
  120. 120. signal decoding 2:45 am 03/6/2015

    Title…

    [...]please go to the sites we adhere to, including this one particular, because it represents our picks through the web[...]…

    Link to this
  121. 121. Bridgette 5:12 am 03/6/2015

    Title…

    [...]The facts mentioned within the write-up are a number of the ideal offered [...]…

    Link to this
  122. 122. Alcohol 52 7:07 am 03/6/2015

    Alcohol 52…

    [...]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[...]…

    Link to this
  123. 123. yummy kiel 7:51 am 03/6/2015

    yummy kiel…

    [...]the time to read or stop by the material or web pages we’ve linked to beneath the[...]…

    Link to this
  124. 124. Yoshie 8:26 am 03/6/2015

    Title…

    [...]Every when in a while we select blogs that we study. Listed beneath would be the most up-to-date websites that we decide on [...]…

    Link to this
  125. 125. this 4:39 pm 03/6/2015

    Title…

    [...]here are some links to web-sites that we link to simply because we believe they are worth visiting[...]…

    Link to this
  126. 126. ctfyghbjkdwbefywbvd 5:53 pm 03/6/2015

    Title…

    [...]we prefer to honor several other internet sites on the internet, even though they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Below are some webpages really worth checking out[...]…

    Link to this
  127. 127. pseudoscience 10:22 pm 03/6/2015

    Woman of Alien…

    Perfect operate you have got accomplished, this web site is actually interesting with fantastic info. Time is God’s way of preserving anything from happening without delay….

    Link to this
  128. 128. alkaline water 3:00 am 03/7/2015

    Third Flower…

    My spouse and that i have already been now delighted that Albert could execute his scientific studies thanks to the strategies he had by way of your online page. It really is now and again perplexing to simply normally be freely giving actions which a …

    Link to this
  129. 129. saffron extract benefits and side effects 11:40 am 03/7/2015

    Title…

    [...]please go to the internet sites we adhere to, like this 1, because it represents our picks from the web[...]…

    Link to this
  130. 130. spedycja miedzynarodowa 12:34 pm 03/7/2015

    Title…

    [...]very few internet sites that occur to be detailed below, from our point of view are undoubtedly properly worth checking out[...]…

    Link to this
  131. 131. buy gta 5 pc 8:07 pm 03/7/2015

    buy gta 5 pc…

    [...]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine some unrelated data, nevertheless definitely really worth taking a appear, whoa did one find out about Mid East has got far more problerms as well [...]…

    Link to this
  132. 132. fat burner injections 9:36 pm 03/7/2015

    Title…

    [...]Here is a superb Weblog You might Come across Intriguing that we Encourage You[...]…

    Link to this
  133. 133. videos incestos 3:46 am 03/8/2015

    Title…

    [...]Every as soon as in a though we decide on blogs that we study. Listed beneath would be the most up-to-date web-sites that we pick [...]…

    Link to this
  134. 134. Conrad Bishop 2:42 am 03/9/2015

    Title…

    [...]please take a look at the web sites we follow, including this a single, because it represents our picks through the web[...]…

    Link to this
  135. 135. quantum vision system free 6:06 am 03/9/2015

    Title…

    [...]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a handful of unrelated information, nonetheless truly worth taking a look, whoa did one particular master about Mid East has got a lot more problerms too [...]…

    Link to this
  136. 136. xcmweuirdfjehgbssdv 12:23 pm 03/9/2015

    Title…

    [...]the time to read or stop by the subject material or web-sites we’ve linked to below the[...]…

    Link to this
  137. 137. go now 9:53 pm 03/9/2015

    Title…

    [...]although internet websites we backlink to beneath are considerably not related to ours, we really feel they’re essentially really worth a go through, so have a look[...]…

    Link to this
  138. 138. look at here now 11:19 pm 03/9/2015

    Title…

    [...]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[...]…

    Link to this
  139. 139. visit this page 1:29 am 03/10/2015

    Title…

    [...]usually posts some extremely exciting stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[...]…

    Link to this
  140. 140. informative post 3:58 am 03/10/2015

    Title…

    [...]that is the finish of this post. Here you’ll discover some websites that we consider you will enjoy, just click the links over[...]…

    Link to this
  141. 141. incestos 5:01 am 03/10/2015

    Title…

    [...]check below, are some totally unrelated internet sites to ours, however, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[...]…

    Link to this
  142. 142. http://www.menage-poly.com/service-menager-a-domicile.html 5:58 am 03/10/2015

    http://www.menage-poly.com/service-menager-a-domicile.html…

    Link to this
  143. 143. do legal steroids work 1:17 pm 03/10/2015

    do legal steroids work…

    [...]here are some links to internet sites that we link to for the reason that we think they may be worth visiting[...]…

    Link to this
  144. 144. banner printing 10:47 pm 03/10/2015

    banner printing…

    Link to this
  145. 145. fekbwrgfvvnfyefdbhfghfs 7:03 pm 03/11/2015

    Title…

    [...]please stop by the web-sites we adhere to, like this 1, as it represents our picks from the web[...]…

    Link to this
  146. 146. entrepreneur investors network 9:46 pm 03/11/2015

    entrepreneur investors network…

    [...]just beneath, are various entirely not related web-sites to ours, having said that, they are certainly really worth going over[...]…

    Link to this
  147. 147. network marketing opportunities 10:37 am 03/12/2015

    network marketing opportunities…

    [...]one of our visitors recently encouraged the following website[...]…

    Link to this
  148. 148. online business opportunities 6:14 pm 03/12/2015

    online business opportunities…

    Link to this
  149. 149. http://www.menage-poly.com/entretien-menager-nettoyage.html 8:58 pm 03/12/2015

    http://www.menage-poly.com/entretien-menager-nettoyage.html…

    [...]Every as soon as inside a though we decide on blogs that we study. Listed beneath would be the most current internet sites that we choose [...]…

    Link to this
  150. 150. best online businesses 12:24 am 03/13/2015

    best online businesses…

    [...]check below, are some entirely unrelated websites to ours, even so, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use[...]…

    Link to this
  151. 151. network marketing tips 4:12 am 03/13/2015

    network marketing tips…

    [...]just beneath, are quite a few totally not connected websites to ours, however, they may be certainly worth going over[...]…

    Link to this
  152. 152. surf lesson huntington beach 11:41 am 03/13/2015

    surf lesson huntington beach…

    [...]Here are several of the websites we advise for our visitors[...]…

    Link to this
  153. 153. paintless dent repair training 9:42 pm 03/13/2015

    paintless dent repair training…

    [...]here are some hyperlinks to sites that we link to simply because we consider they’re worth visiting[...]…

    Link to this
  154. 154. build your own business 1:36 am 03/14/2015

    build your own business…

    [...]here are some links to web-sites that we link to mainly because we believe they are worth visiting[...]…

    Link to this
  155. 155. entrepreneur investors network 11:56 am 03/14/2015

    entrepreneur investors network…

    [...]here are some links to web-sites that we link to due to the fact we think they may be worth visiting[...]…

    Link to this
  156. 156. ntndnbdfgbfgbdfg 5:47 pm 03/14/2015

    Title…

    [...]very few internet websites that occur to become in depth below, from our point of view are undoubtedly properly worth checking out[...]…

    Link to this
  157. 157. alkaline water 7:23 pm 03/14/2015

    The Absent Game…

    Involving me and my husband we’ve owned a lot more MP3 gamers through the years than I can count, which includes Sansas, iRivers, iPods (common & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of gamers….

    Link to this
  158. 158. online business opportunities 11:02 pm 03/14/2015

    online business opportunities…

    [...]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[...]…

    Link to this
  159. 159. بلیط هواپیما 8:26 am 03/15/2015

    بلیط هواپیما…

    [...]please go to the web sites we stick to, such as this one, because it represents our picks from the web[...]…

    Link to this
  160. 160. kaspersky internet security murah 8:11 pm 03/15/2015

    kaspersky internet security murah…

    [...]check below, are some totally unrelated sites to ours, even so, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[...]…

    Link to this
  161. 161. apartment listings 11:45 pm 03/15/2015

    apartment listings…

    [...]Here are some of the sites we advise for our visitors[...]…

    Link to this
  162. 162. tabletki na porost wlosów 8:43 pm 03/16/2015

    tabletki na porost wlosów…

    [...]please check out the sites we follow, such as this one, because it represents our picks through the web[...]…

    Link to this
  163. 163. http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x2jisld_integratori-per-capelli-integratori-capelli-caduta-capelli-rimedi-naturali-come-rinforzare-i-capelli_lifestyle 4:04 am 03/17/2015

    http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x2jisld_integratori-per-capelli-integratori-capelli-caduta-capelli-rimedi-naturali-come-rinforzare-i-capelli_lifestyle…

    [...]very handful of sites that transpire to be detailed below, from our point of view are undoubtedly effectively worth checking out[...]…

    Link to this
  164. 164. this website 7:56 pm 03/17/2015

    this website…

    Link to this
  165. 165. hay day free game play 11:00 pm 03/17/2015

    hay day free game play…

    [...]Every once inside a whilst we opt for blogs that we read. Listed beneath are the latest web sites that we decide on [...]…

    Link to this
  166. 166. paintless dent repair training 6:26 pm 03/18/2015

    paintless dent repair training…

    Link to this
  167. 167. paintless dent repair training 8:42 pm 03/18/2015

    paintless dent repair training…

    [...]just beneath, are many absolutely not associated web pages to ours, however, they may be certainly worth going over[...]…

    Link to this
  168. 168. bodybuilder diet 10:53 am 03/19/2015

    bodybuilder diet…

    [...]here are some links to websites that we link to due to the fact we believe they are really worth visiting[...]…

    Link to this
  169. 169. health x design 6:56 am 03/20/2015

    health x design…

    [...]Here are a number of the sites we advise for our visitors[...]…

    Link to this
  170. 170. skqfdvcyhtghrddgufsfh 7:48 pm 03/22/2015

    Title…

    [...]Every once in a though we select blogs that we read. Listed below would be the most recent sites that we pick out [...]…

    Link to this
  171. 171. this web link 5:21 pm 03/26/2015

    this web link…

    [...]very couple of internet websites that happen to be in depth beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly effectively worth checking out[...]…

    Link to this
  172. 172. this Legacy Food Storage website 10:13 pm 03/26/2015

    this Legacy Food Storage website…

    [...]always a huge fan of linking to bloggers that I really like but do not get a lot of link adore from[...]…

    Link to this
  173. 173. this website 2:02 am 03/27/2015

    this website…

    [...]although websites we backlink to below are considerably not associated to ours, we feel they’re really worth a go as a result of, so possess a look[...]…

    Link to this
  174. 174. paintless dent repair training 8:26 am 03/27/2015

    paintless dent repair training…

    [...]please take a look at the websites we follow, which includes this one particular, as it represents our picks through the web[...]…

    Link to this
  175. 175. كيفية حبوب الاجهاض 12:35 am 03/29/2015

    كيفية حبوب الاجهاض…

    Link to this
  176. 176. desktop wallpapers 2:38 am 03/30/2015

    desktop wallpapers…

    [...]although web sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not related to ours, we really feel they are really worth a go by, so possess a look[...]…

    Link to this
  177. 177. paintless dent repair training by SAI 9:45 pm 03/31/2015

    paintless dent repair training by SAI…

    [...]we came across a cool internet site which you may get pleasure from. Take a look when you want[...]…

    Link to this
  178. 178. hajnövesztő kapszula 11:42 pm 04/5/2015

    hajnövesztő kapszula…

    Link to this
  179. 179. jobs working from home 11:51 pm 04/5/2015

    jobs working from home…

    [...]the time to study or visit the content material or internet sites we have linked to beneath the[...]…

    Link to this
  180. 180. hawaiian coffee reviews 5:01 am 04/6/2015

    hawaiian coffee reviews…

    [...]although sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not associated to ours, we feel they may be basically really worth a go via, so have a look[...]…

    Link to this
  181. 181. best muscle building supplements 5:31 am 04/6/2015

    best muscle building supplements…

    [...]although web-sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not connected to ours, we really feel they may be essentially worth a go through, so have a look[...]…

    Link to this
  182. 182. silicone containers 12:11 am 04/7/2015

    silicone containers…

    Link to this
  183. 183. Aktfotos 1:34 am 04/7/2015

    Aktfotos…

    [...]please visit the web-sites we stick to, such as this one, because it represents our picks through the web[...]…

    Link to this
  184. 184. girne üniversite 6:06 am 04/7/2015

    girne üniversite…

    [...]here are some links to web-sites that we link to due to the fact we think they are worth visiting[...]…

    Link to this
  185. 185. coach hire belfast 3:45 pm 04/7/2015

    coach hire belfast…

    Link to this
  186. 186. nutricionista 8:07 pm 04/7/2015

    nutricionista…

    [...]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[...]…

    Link to this
  187. 187. prediksi bola akurat 11:34 pm 04/7/2015

    Thorn of Girl…

    Very good data is often found on this net blogging site….

    Link to this
  188. 188. sol acres for sale 8:27 am 04/8/2015

    sol acres for sale…

    [...]here are some hyperlinks to web pages that we link to for the reason that we assume they’re really worth visiting[...]…

    Link to this
  189. 189. ipad wedge pillow 5:12 pm 04/8/2015

    The Absent Game…

    Among me and my husband we’ve owned extra MP3 gamers through the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (basic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few a long time I’ve settled down to one line of players….

    Link to this
  190. 190. wristwatches 9:38 pm 04/8/2015

    wristwatches…

    [...]Sites of interest we have a link to[...]…

    Link to this
  191. 191. medjool date trees for sale 4:50 am 04/10/2015

    medjool date trees for sale…

    [...]check below, are some entirely unrelated sites to ours, on the other hand, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use[...]…

    Link to this
  192. 192. hliakoi thermosifwnes 7:40 am 04/10/2015

    hliakoi thermosifwnes…

    [...]here are some links to websites that we link to mainly because we believe they’re worth visiting[...]…

    Link to this
  193. 193. Blue Coaster 8:57 pm 04/10/2015

    The Silent Shard…

    This may almost certainly be really helpful for many of one’s work opportunities I intend to really don’t only with my weblog but…

    Link to this
  194. 194. bulk sms java 4:24 am 04/11/2015

    bulk sms java…

    [...]one of our guests recently recommended the following website[...]…

    Link to this
  195. 195. miniclip 4:52 pm 04/11/2015

    miniclip…

    [...]check below, are some absolutely unrelated websites to ours, nonetheless, they are most trustworthy sources that we use[...]…

    Link to this
  196. 196. Shoe cleaner 9:36 am 04/13/2015

    Shoe cleaner…

    [...]very few internet websites that transpire to be in depth beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly nicely worth checking out[...]…

    Link to this
  197. 197. AR 80 lower 3:07 am 04/14/2015

    AR 80 lower…

    [...]The facts talked about within the report are some of the best readily available [...]…

    Link to this
  198. 198. underground music 3:20 pm 04/16/2015

    Whispering Misty…

    So sorry you will skip the workshop!…

    Link to this
  199. 199. venus fly traps 4:19 pm 04/16/2015

    The Ships’s Voyages…

    I believe technological know-how just causes it to be worse. Now there is a channel to under no circumstances treatment, now there is not going to be considered a probability for them to find out….

    Link to this
  200. 200. civil contractors western australia 10:03 pm 04/16/2015

    civil contractors western australia…

    [...]very few sites that take place to become comprehensive beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly very well worth checking out[...]…

    Link to this
  201. 201. locksmiths perth 11:58 pm 04/16/2015

    locksmiths perth…

    [...]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a few unrelated information, nevertheless definitely worth taking a search, whoa did 1 learn about Mid East has got far more problerms also [...]…

    Link to this
  202. 202. keylogger 5:01 am 04/18/2015

    keylogger…

    [...]although internet websites we backlink to beneath are considerably not connected to ours, we really feel they may be truly worth a go by means of, so have a look[...]…

    Link to this
  203. 203. weight loss detox tea 5:32 am 04/18/2015

    weight loss detox tea…

    [...]always a large fan of linking to bloggers that I adore but really don’t get a whole lot of link love from[...]…

    Link to this

Add a Comment
You must sign in or register as a ScientificAmerican.com member to submit a comment.

More from Scientific American

Email this Article

X