The Outbreak of War
Reported 100 years ago in Scientific American
The invasion of Belgium by the German army, in a bid to outflank French forces, led to Britain declaring war on Germany this week a century ago. The outbreak of a widespread war in 1914 took many people by surprise. That reaction was evident in the following comment from our editorial in the issue of August 15, 1914 (we had a lead time of about 10 days between news and printing, which was incredibly quick in those days):
The War and Our Dilemma
It is very difficult for the American to realize that the great European war, which has been dreaded for a generation, is actually taking place. The calamity is so appalling that it seems to stretch beyond the reach of the imagination. The desire of the President, although impotent, to avert hostilities is voiced in every American breast. It was useless to offer mediation—there was no question to mediate. There was only the gaunt figure of brute force against brute force. After the great wave of distress for the terrible calamity which has befallen Europe has been expressed, the thought naturally turns upon what will be the effect of such an upheaval upon our own country, and what lesson can we learn from it. For years the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN has preached the necessity of the upbuilding of our merchant marine. The story of our present poverty in merchant ships is too well known to need mention at the present time, but now, at last, the lesson is driven home in a surprising and unexpected way. Some two hundred thousand Americans are practically marooned in Europe with no facilities for reaching their country. Battleships and cruisers, even were it practicable to put our line of defense to such a use, are not adapted in any way to passenger service, and such a method of solving the problem is almost out of the question. Of navy transports, we have hardly any.”
To see a full archive of our coverage of World War I—military, economic, social, technological—view our archive package, Scientific American Chronicles: World War I, at www.ScientificAmerican.com/wwi.