September 5, 2014 | 1
Censored: How the Army Eats
In this issue, a telling line reads: “The censors have not allowed the press of the world to state whether or not explosives were dropped on the fortifications of Liège.” This special “War Issue” contained much on military theory, organization and resources, but apart from a scattering of images little information on the titanic struggle in Europe: the Germans had captured the forts in Belgium, fought back massive French attacks in the Ardennes and destroyed the Russian Second Army at Tannenberg. Yet news of the war was sparse in Scientific American and other major news outlets. Consider this excerpt on feeding an army, which largely reflects only the theory behind the concept, not actual events:
Feeding the Man on the Firing Line
“In forming a plan of supply for a particular campaign the following points must be carefully considered: the resources of the theater of war and the facility of utilizing the same; the time of year and climate; the nature of the war, whether offensive or defensive; the length of the line of communications, the rapidity of the movements; the propinquity of the enemy; and the temper of the inhabitants.
“The national country must provide the supplies for its armies. This is particularly important now, as it has been held that provisions and foodstuffs of ordinarily innocent use, which are usually only conditionally contraband, may become absolutely contraband in war when actually and especially destined for the military or naval forces of a belligerent.
“The right of armies to take from the country all that they require for their sustenance is indisputable though we usually understand the expression ‘living upon the country’ has direct application to an enemy’s country. Military necessity, as understood by all civilized nations, permits the enforcement in an enemy’s country of all those measures which are indispensable to facilitate and assist in the conduct of the war, and which are lawful according to the modern law on usages of war.”
To see a full archive of our coverage of World War I—military, economic, social, technological—view our archive package, Scientific American Chronicles: World War I, at www.ScientificAmerican.com/wwi.
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